- 1 What are the characteristics of old comedy?
- 2 How many men did the chorus reduce?
- 3 What did old comedy focus on?
- 4 What’s the difference between old comedy and new comedy?
- 5 What started a Greek play?
- 6 What is the meaning of Agon?
- 7 Why didn’t the Greeks show violence on stage?
- 8 How many actors are in the chorus?
- 9 What is the leader of a Greek chorus called?
- 10 What does tragedy mean in Greek?
- 11 Who was the first master of comedy?
- 12 What was a comedy according to the ancient Greeks?
- 13 What is meant by comedy of manners?
- 14 What is Greek middle comedy?
- 15 Who was the greatest Greek author of comedy plays?
What are the characteristics of old comedy?
Old Comedy plays are characterized by an exuberant and high-spirited satire of public persons and affairs. Composed of song, dance, personal invective, and buffoonery, the plays also include outspoken political criticism and comment on literary and philosophical topics.
How many men did the chorus reduce?
Choral performances continued to dominate the early plays until the time of Aeschylus (5th century bce), who added a second actor and reduced the chorus from 50 to 12 performers.
What did old comedy focus on?
Old Comedy The first was pure and simple humor, focused on scatological and sexual jokes. The other layer was personal and political. The few plays we have are filled with attacks on political and intellectual people from his time; he did caricatures of Socrates, Cleon, and Euripides.
What’s the difference between old comedy and new comedy?
Unlike Old Comedy, which parodied public figures and events, New Comedy features fictional average citizens and has no supernatural or heroic overtones.
What started a Greek play?
The Greek theatre history began with festivals honoring their gods. A god, Dionysus, was honored with a festival called by “City Dionysia”. In Athens, during this festival, men used to perform songs to welcome Dionysus. Plays were only presented at City Dionysia festival.
What is the meaning of Agon?
Agon comes from the Greek word agōn, which is translated with a number of meanings, among them ” contest,” “competition at games,” and “gathering.” In ancient Greece, agons (also spelled “agones”) were contests held during public festivals. The word is also occasionally used to refer to conflict generally.
Why didn’t the Greeks show violence on stage?
But the Greek dramatists were also aware that an audience gets more implicated in the action if they have to do some of the work. By not directly portraying violence, the tragedians forced their audience to imagine the horrors for themselves. The power of imagination can do far more than any stage gore.
How many actors are in the chorus?
The chorus consisted of between 12 and 50 players, who variously danced, sang or spoke their lines in unison, and sometimes wore masks.
What is the leader of a Greek chorus called?
In Attic drama, the coryphaeus, corypheus, or koryphaios (Greek κορυφαῖος koryphaîos, from κορυφή koryphḗ́, the top of the head) was the leader of the chorus. Hence the term (sometimes in an Anglicized form “coryphe”) is used for the chief or leader of any company or movement.
What does tragedy mean in Greek?
The word “tragedy” comes from the Greek words tragos, which means goat and oide, which means song. A tragedy is a dramatic poem or play in formal language and in most cases has a tragic or unhappy ending.
Who was the first master of comedy?
The three genres of drama were comedy, satyr plays, and most important of all, tragedy. Comedy: The first comedies were mainly satirical and mocked men in power for their vanity and foolishness. The first master of comedy was the playwright Aristophanes.
What was a comedy according to the ancient Greeks?
Ancient Greek comedy was one of the final three principal dramatic forms in the theatre of classical Greece (the others being tragedy and the satyr play). 335 BC) that comedy is a representation of laughable people and involves some kind of blunder or ugliness which does not cause pain or disaster.
What is meant by comedy of manners?
Comedy of manners, witty, cerebral form of dramatic comedy that depicts and often satirizes the manners and affectations of a contemporary society. A comedy of manners is concerned with social usage and the question of whether or not characters meet certain social standards.
What is Greek middle comedy?
Preoccupied with social themes, Middle Comedy represents a transition from Old Comedy, which presented literary, political, and philosophical commentary interspersed with scurrilous personal invective, to New Comedy, with its gently satiric observation of contemporary domestic life.
ARISTOPHANES. Aristophanes, the most famous writer of Greek comedies, was born in the 440s b.c.e. He lived through the upheaval of the Peloponnesian War, which lasted from 431 to 404, and stripped Athens of her place as cultural and political capital of the Greek city-states.